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AHMAD KALEEM MONETARY STABILITY UNDER DUAL BANKING SYSTEM


The pivotal objective of any financial system is to maintain a stable and efficient framework for the distribution and allocation of scarce monetary resources. This book attempts to examine the monetary stability process under the dual banking system. It selects Malaysia as a case where the government aims to run Islamic and conventional banking systems on a parallel basis. The book starts from investigating factors that have affected Islamic and conventional banks deposits held under various schemes. It then defines and develops new Islamic and conventional (M1 and M2) intermediate aggregates and compares their performances. This section also embraces the areas such as developing equations to calculate demand for money, the Central Bank of Malaysia's controllability over Islamic and conventional intermediate aggregates and lastly the effectiveness of both types of intermediate aggregates in achieving economic targets controlling inflation in short-term).

9314 RUR

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Samir Huseynov An Estimated DSGE Model For Turkey With A Monetary Regime Change


Thesis (M.A.) from the year 2010 in the subject Business economics - Banking, Stock Exchanges, Insurance, Accounting, grade: A-, Central European University Budapest, language: English, abstract: Using of developments of the last decade in Bayesian estimation, I estimate a small open economy Dynamic Stochastic General Equ ilibr ium (DSGE) model fo r Turkey. The thesis explicitly accounts for a monetar y regime change fro m an exchange rate targeting to an exp licit inflation targeting with a flexible exchange rate. In both regimes, I investigate the behavior of the monetary authority and the main driving forces of business cycles of key macro economy variables of the Turkish economy. My results can be summarized as follows. Monetary policy focused on the stabilizing of the nominal exchange rate in the exchange rate targeting regime. But, it is mainly concerned with the price stability in the inflation targeting reg ime. Monetary policy shocks were the main sources of the fluctuations under both regimes. However, the foreign output shock in the first regime and the real exchange rate shock in the second regime appeared as the additional sources of the fluctuations in the business cycles. The Central Bank of Tur key managed to neutralize inflatio nary sho cks and achieved stability in output and consumption after the regime change.Keywords: Turkey, Bayesian estimation, DSGE models, regime change

2702 RUR

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Metze Juliette Monetary and non-monetary Motivation under Multitasking


This paper investigates the optimal provision of monetary and non-monetary motivation in the presence of multitasking. The base is a multitasking model, where the worker has to exert two tasks. The principal has the opportunity to use monetary and non-monetary incentives to motivate the worker. Monetary incentives are modeled as incentive payments that are additionally paid to a fixed wage. They depend on a performance measure which assigns performance parameters to each task. In most firms performance measure is distorted. Hence, the marginal benefit of each task representing the true contribution to the firm value, differs from the performance parameters. The principal provides non-monetary incentives by exerting costly motivational effort that affects the worker's cost function. In particular, it reduces the worker's cost of exerting effort. Also, different degrees of distortion are analyzed.

4664 RUR

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Shaykh Muhammad Anwar Kaleem Barelvi Mazhab Aur Islam By


Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания, созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.Barelvi Mazhab Aur Islam By Shaykh Muhammad Anwar Kaleem

804 RUR

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Thammarak Moenjak Central Banking. Theory and Practice in Sustaining Monetary Financial Stability


Understand the theories and interpret the actions of modern central banks Central Banking takes a comprehensive look at the topic of central banking, and provides readers with an understanding and insights into the roles and functions of modern central banks in advanced as well as emerging economies, theories behind their thinking, and actual operations practices. The book takes a systematic approach to the topic, while providing an accessible format and style that is appropriate for general audiences and students with only a minimal macroeconomic background. Theoretical reviews and examples of how the theories are applied in practice are presented in an easy-to-understand manner and serve as a guide for readers to further investigate specific ancillary central banking topics and as a means to make informed judgments about central bank actions. Important topics covered in the book include: Evolution of central banking functions and the international monetary system Theoretical backgrounds that are the foundation to the modern practice of monetary policy Monetary policy regimes, including exchange rate targeting, money supply growth targeting, the risk management approach, inflation targeting, and unconventional monetary policy. Actual practice in market operations and transmission mechanisms of monetary policy The exchange rate and central banking Theoretical backgrounds related to various dimensions of financial stability Current developments with regards to sustaining financial stability The future of central banking in the wake of the 2007-2010 global financial crisis Case studies on relevant practical issues and key concepts in central banking Designed as essential reading for students, market analysts, investors, and central banks' new recruits, Central Banking better positions readers to interpret the actions of central banks and to understand the complexities of their position in the global financial arena.

6327.78 RUR

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Tamara G Stryzhak Modern Mathematics for Engineers I. The Minimax Criterion Stability


The minimax criterion for stability is a sufficient criterion for the motion stability of a mechanical system under the influence of small-amplitude high-frequency parameter oscillations. This criterion allows to find stability conditions of oscillations within a non-stable mechanical system without making motion equations, but instead by way of using only the Lagrangian function L= T - П. Any remarks and recommendations will be appreciated and taken into considerations in the following issues. Please, write to: .

3239 RUR

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Marcus Stallechner, Daniel Kolb The European Financial Stability Facility (EFSF) and the Mechanism (ESM)


Seminar paper from the year 2012 in the subject Economics - Monetary theory and policy, grade: 1,0, University of Applied Sciences Augsburg, language: English, abstract: The article by Marcus Stallechner and Daniel Kolb deals with the structure, objectives and principles of operation of the European Financial Stability Facility (EFSF) and the European Stability Mechanism (ESM). The focus is on the way from the emergence of those two companies, their company and capital structure, as well as on their financial support instruments and lending operations. The topicality and effects on the economy as well as the great public interest make this to an interesting article, which approaches the details and facts of the EFSF and ESM.

3052 RUR

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Friedrich A. Von Hayek Monetary Nationalism and International Stability


2012 Reprint of 1937 Edition. Exact facsimile of the original edition, not reproduced with Optical Recognition Software. This book contains five essays by a young Hayek. Lectures are: "National Monetary Systems; The Function and Mechanism of International Flows of Money; Independent Currencies; International Capita Movements and The Problems of a Really International Standard." Lectures include considerable discussion of the gold standard.

1147 RUR

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Травяной чай Ahmad Tea Professional Камомайл Монинг, 300 шт


Ahmad Tea","Professional", Травяной чай Камомайл Монинг, пак. с ярлычками, в к/ф, 300х1,5г

872 RUR

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Травяной чай Ahmad Tea Professional Минт Коктэйль, 300 шт


Ahmad Tea","Professional", Травяной чай Минт Коктэйль, пак. с ярлычками, в к/ф, 300х1,5г

872 RUR

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Mohamed Dalmar Abdurahman Monetary and Exchange Rate Policies 1960-2001


Much has been written about Somalia in the last fourteen years; about its history, politics, civil war, famine, clans, warlords, the failure of the U.S. intervention, but little has been written about the monetary aspect of the Somali crisis. The author, a former director general of Central Bank of Somalia, contends that it was the currency chaos that contributed to the fall of the Somali government in 1991, and that still keeps the civil war going on in the country. He provides some insight into the past monetary experience of Somalia and offers a straightforward solution: take the privilege of printing money away from the hands of the Somali political leaders, and then you will have stability in the country.

1102 RUR

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Akl Ahmed Doaa Inflation Targeting in Egypt


Inflation targeting is a monetary policy framework that attracted many countries in the 1990s as a result of the disappointing performance under other regimes, mainly exchange rates targeting or monetary aggregate targeting. Due to its success in many developed and developing countries, the Central Bank of Egypt announced its intention to introduce inflation targeting regime to anchor its monetary policy when the basic prerequisites are satisfied. The book outlines the theoretical justification behind choosing inflation targeting and discusses its advantages and disadvantages, as well as compares it with other monetary regimes. The core of the book is to investigate the applicability of inflation targeting regime in Egypt by examining the extent to which the conditions of that regime are met.

6589 RUR

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Gabriele Tacke Transaction to a Common Currency. Journey an Unknown Destination.


Inhaltsangabe:Abstract: "One Market - One Money." On paper the future of European Monetary Integration never looked more promising than now: ·The Maastricht Treaty has finally been ratified by all twelve member governments in mid October 1993, even the most sceptical states Denmark and the U.K., so that the aim of European Monetary Union (E.M.U.) rests on a solid legal basis now. ·On January 1, 1994 the European Monetary Institute (E.M.I.) began its operations with a goal of intensifying monetary coordination in Europe.} In addition, the E.M.I. will prepare the conceptual groundwork for the activities of the future European Central Bank (E.C.B.). ·The " Road to a common Europe" has been opened and monetary policy roadsigns point in the direction of European Monetary Union with a single currency. In reality, the prospects of the achievement of E.M.U. have deteriorated in the course of 1993 and under present conditions the likelihood of a failure of the Maastricht Treaty is quite high. The European currency crises in September 1993 led to realignments within the European Monetary System (E.M.S.) and fluctuation margins were widened to +/- 15 per cent. These events and a breakdown of cooperation between national monetary authorities have raised doubts about the feasibility of the timetable for moving towards full monetary union. This thesis provides an overview of the progress towards a monetary union, including a common currency, in the European Community (E.C.)...

4727 RUR

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Ahmad Tea подарочный набор Four Seasons 15 вкусов, 90 шт


Чай Ahmad Tea в пакетиках полностью соответствует безупречной репутации бренда Ahmad Tea. Фольгированное саше идеально сохраняет аромат сортовых английских купажей, позволяя донести до любителей чая лучшие качества напитка. Рекомендуем!

407 RUR

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Чай листовой Ahmad Tea Облепиховые Леденцы. Новогодняя ночь, 60 г


Ahmad Tea", "Облепиховые Леденцы.Новогодняя ночь", черный, круглая карт. коробка, 60г

247 RUR

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George Selgin Less Than Zero. The Case for a Falling Price Level in Growing Economy


In this new edition of his highly praised 1997 book, George Selgin argues that monetary policy should not have the goal of price stability, but should aim to allow prices to move in-line with movements in productivity (the so-called “productivity norm”). Radical and contrarian, this hugely original book remains a mini-classic.

1089 RUR

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Чай листовой Ahmad Tea Professional Милк Улун, 500 г


Улуны, выращенные над рекой Девяти излучин, у подножия китайских гор Уишань, по праву относят к самым дорогим китайским чаям. Милк Улун производят в ограниченном количестве каждый год. Этот чай отличается удивительно мягким сладким вкусом, молочным ароматом и нежным светло-зеленым настоем. Чай философов, мудрецов и влюбленных из легендарного края небожителей. Истинный ценитель чая знает, что в основе разнообразия вкусов от Ahmad Tea всегда лежит безупречное качество чая. Благодаря уникальной системе контроля качества, английская компания Ahmad Tea Ltd. обеспечивает постоянство безупречного качества и вкуса чая Ahmad Tea из года в год, в любой стране мира. AHMAD TEA – ВАШ БЕЗУПРЕЧНЫЙ ВКУС! Система управления качеством и безопасностью пищевых продуктов TM Ahmad Tea соответствует требованиям ГОСТ Р ИСО 22000-2007 (ISO 22000:2005). Система менеджмента качества TM Ahmad Tea соответствует требованиям ГОСТ Р ИСО 9001-2015 (ISO 9001:2015).

933 RUR

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Чай черный AHMAD TEA "Classic Black Tea" Professional 600 гр. классический

Niklas Manhart The Legalization of the International Monetary Fund. Exchange Rate Surveillance over China


Master's Thesis from the year 2011 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: International Organisations, grade: 1,0, LMU Munich (Geschwister Scholl Institute for Political Sciences), language: English, abstract: Against the backdrop of the renminbi issue, this paper retraces the unique trajectory of the international law (IL) on exchange rates - from the lawlessness of the gold standard to a highly regulated system under Bretton Woods and back to the obscure arrangement that has prevailed ever since the Second Amendment of the IMF's Articles of Agreement. By employing the concept of legalization, it argues that international monetary stability is a public good which, as a collective action problem, provides strong incentives for cooperation. However, the analysis of the IMF's bilateral surveillance regime reveals that after the Second Amendment hard legalization no longer served the interests of the IMF membership, while the costs of hard legal rules tipped the scale in favour of soft commitments. Specifically, the paper finds that exchange rates are subject to high uncertainty costs stemming from measurement difficulties, complexity, goal incongruence and subjectivity; as well as sover-eignty costs due to reputational damage, distributional impact and loss of monetary power.

5064 RUR

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Чай AHMAD (Ахмад) "English Breakfast" Professional, черный, листовой, пакет, 500 г, 1591

Чай черный AHMAD TEA "Classic Black Tea" Professional 600 гр. классический

Чай зеленый AHMAD TEA "Green Tea" Professional 500 гр. классический

Sezer Bozkus Kahyaoglu The Monetary Base Approach. Turkish Case


A detailed discussion on the econometric performance of Turkey is presented considering the relevancy of monetary base approach, i.e. the monetary ans interest rate policies, and financial markets and instruments in Turkey. The stability of the multiplier is tested in two seperate notions: that of the short-run predictability and the long-run stability. The parametric components of the money multiplier, i.e. the currency and reserve ratios are further investigated since the test results suggest the existence of an unstable multiplier in Turkey. The long run equilibrium relation between the supply of money, national income, and the rate of inflation is estimated using Engle- Granger two step method to construct the cointegrating relation and to specify the error correction mechanism for the mpney demand function in Turkey. Finally, we report our empirical findings and discuss the policy requirements of an unstable multiplier for Turkish Economy.

8102 RUR

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Christian Sorgenfrei Optimum Currency Areas. A Monetary Union for Southern Africa


With the current situation in the European Monetary Union in mind, a Monetary Union in other parts of the world seems highly inadvisable. Nevertheless, Africa has some of the oldest Monetary arrangements in the world, dating back to the beginning of the 19th century. Is Africa particularly qualified for a Monetary Union? And furthermore, what features are necessary to make Monetary Arrangements between countries endurable? This study evaluates the prospects and the feasibility of a monetary union in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) from an economic point of view. Both the theory of optimum currency areas and the recent example of the European Monetary Union are employed to analyze the pros and cons of monetary unification. The theoretical implications are operationalized, first, by a broad analysis of economic and socio graphic data, and second, by estimating the degree of structural shock synchronization between SADC countries. Results obtained by an Autoregressive and Vector Autoregressive model indicate that a monetary union which includes all SADC members is neither desirable nor feasible in the foreseeable future. However, the study concludes that a small subset of countries, including South Africa, Namibia, Swaziland, Lesotho, Mozambique, Botswana and Zambia, could gain from forming a smaller monetary union.

6077 RUR

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Karimi Mazaher, Mokhlis Hazlie Under-Frequency Load Shedding Scheme for Islanded Distribution Network


Abnormal conditions such as overload and generator tripping usually result in large excursion of power system frequency, voltage and other system variables. In this case, an effective method to prevent the electric power system from instability, frequency collapse and blackout is an under-frequency load shedding scheme. It is applied in order to maintain stability of the system, when the power system generation fails to supply the increase of load. Load shedding is a common technique to maintain the power system stability by curtailment of partial load in some part of the system. However, the load shedding techniques for an islanded distribution network should be treated differently from the transmission power system. A particular approach of under-frequency load shedding scheme is required for an islanded system which is known to be not as strong as the grid.

9064 RUR

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Ahmad Tea English No.1 черный чай в пакетиках с ярлычками, конвертах из фольги, 25 шт


Чашка чая Ahmad Tea English Tea No.1 делает общение добрым и приятным. Смесь эксклюзивных сортов чёрного чая с лёгким ароматом бергамота в совершенном исполнении Ahmad Tea. Прекрасный чай для любого времени дня. Идеальное сочетание мягкого вкуса, аромата, цвета и крепости. Заваривать 3-5 минут, температура воды 100°С.

78 RUR

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Набор Ahmad Tea Моментс: черный листовой чай, со вкусом и ароматом бергамота, 30 г + зеленый жасмина,


Чай "Ahmad Tea", Набор чайный "Моментс", листовой чай, картонная коробка, 2х30 г В этом ассорти листового чая визитная карточка Ahmad Tea - черный чай с бергамотом - пикантный, интригующий и завораживающий, истинный дэнди чая, и освежающий китайский зеленый чай со вкусом и ароматом нежного жасмина.

179 RUR

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Andreas Renner Die Geldpolitik der Europaischen Zentralbank zur Bewaltigung Finanzkrise 2007


Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2016 im Fachbereich VWL - Geldtheorie, Geldpolitik, Note: 1.0, Munich Business School, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: The financial crisis 2007 and its effects for the European economy and countries force the European Central Bank to intervene by monetary measures. To reach the primary goal, which is maintaining price stability by a Harmonized Index of Consumer Prices near but below two percent, the Central Bank utilizes some contentious policies like the Outright Monetary Transactions and the Asset-Purchase Program, in particular in the financial market. The author delineated the main interventions of the ECB since October 2008. Furthermore, the writer used the IS-LM-Model to demonstrate the abstract impact of expansive monetary policy. Finally, he expanded on the main points of criticism, which were the allegation of clientele politics against the European Central Bank and the possible violation of its mandate due to the Outright Monetary Transactions. For this, the author outlined the arguments of both sides. Concluding, the author assessed, involving the current economic situation in the European system, that the monetary policy of the ECB supported the recovery of the financial sector and the members of the EU.

2314 RUR

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Чай AHMAD (Ахмад) "English Breakfast" Professional, черный, листовой, пакет, 500 г, 1591

Ahmad Tea Strawberry and Cream черный листовой чай, 100 г (ж/б)


Сочетание клубники со сливками - классический десертный дуэт, в котором главную ноту играет клубника в томном сливочном соусе. В рецепте Strawberry and Cream от Ahmad Tea добавлена ваниль, которая усложняет бархатный вкус черного цейлонского чая.

449 RUR

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Ahmad Tea Классический черный чай, 500 г


Секрет обаяния классического черного чая Ahmad Tea - в характерном терпком послевкусии, в глубоком, обволакивающем аромате и насыщенном настое. Чашка свежезаваренного чая - как возвращение домой, с каждым глотком погружает в атмосферу умиротворения и счастья. Заваривать 3 - 5 минут, температура воды 100°С. Рекомендуем!

339 RUR

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William D. Gerdes The Basics of Foreign Exchange Markets. A Monetary Systems Approach


In an increasingly interdependent global economy, an understanding of foreign exchange markets is more critical than ever. These markets are inextricably entwined with underlying monetary standards and consequently they are treated conjointly in this book. Four different foreign exchange rate regimes are analyzed including exchange rates under commodity money, fiduciary money, fiat money (with fixed exchange rates), and fiat money (with flexible exchange rates). For more than eight decades, most ountries have operated with fiat money. Proponents maintain that fiat money provides individual countries with much greater monetary autonomy. Yet both analytics and experience indicate that this is not always the case. Whether a country has more monetary autonomy depends on whether fiat money is paired with fixed or flexible exchange rates. Although flexible exchange rate regimes are not without their critics, it has become increasingly apparent that fiat money with flexible rates provides individual countries much greater monetary autonomy. This arrangement allows participants in foreign exchange markets greater latitude for adjusting to the wide variations in national monetary policies that are prevalent with fiat money. Several audiences may find this book beneficial: undergraduate students in economics and finance, students of inter­national business, graduate students, students in executive programs who need to expand their knowledge of international finance, and practicing exec...

4589 RUR

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Theresa Petra Hauck Macroeconomic Policy Coordination in EMU


Bachelor Thesis from the year 2016 in the subject Economics - Macro-economics, general, grade: 1,0, University of Bamberg, language: English, abstract: The financial crisis and the subsequent European sovereign debt crisis have highlighted the high degree of interdependence among EMU member states. The crisis period made much more clear that a macroeconomic policy coordination framework is indispensable as there is great sensibility and high risk for contagion effects. The structure of EMU in its highest level of integration as of one monetary authority vis-à-vis many fiscal authorities brings about several specific aspects regarding coordination. In order to achieve and ensure economic stability in such a unique constellation there have been established several measures and frameworks with the Stability and Growth Pact as the centre point. Designed on the grounds of and motivated by the objective of stabilising the overall economy, the pact promotes fiscal discipline through limiting government deficits and debts in order to prevent adverse fiscal spillover effects and freeriding behaviour of national fiscal authorities which could risk price and overall macroeconomic stability of the common currency area. This however brings about limitations for governments to discretionarily react to national economic needs and conditions. This bachelor thesis addresses the resulting tension between a theoretical and fundamental need for macroeconomic policy coordination in a monetary uni...

5514 RUR

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Ahmad Tea китайский зеленый чай в пакетиках, 25 шт


Китайский зеленый чай Ahmad Tea - сокровищница природы. Благодаря особенностям технологии производства зеленый чай максимально сохраняет присутствие антиоксидантов, витаминов и микроэлементов. Легкий вкус этого чая можно украсить ложечкой тростникового сахара меда, что придаст напитку нежное ореховое послевкусие.

41 RUR

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Ahmad Tea Chocolate Brownie черный чай в пирамидках, 20 шт


Ahmad Tea Chocolate Brownie - это изысканный вкус черного шоколада в сочетании с терпким черным чаем провинции Ассам и утонченным цейлонским чаем. Безупречная лаконичность классического совершенства. Заваривать 5-7 минут, температура воды 100°С.

96 RUR

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